Ours is an age of rapid change and at all levels. University education is no exception, stirred by a new teaching technique called "Mooc" from the United States where she was born there two years (second half of 2011). Mooc means "massive open online racing, or in French, courses and massive open online.
It is open to distance learning platforms, taking advantage of widespread broadband and the high rate of personal computers, mobile and tablets. The purpose of these Mooc platforms to provide a large number of university courses … for free.
The moocs have multiple benefits, but may be less enthusiastic that university president who explains that some of his teachers "have hardly slept for six months to prepare their Mooc" moocs help these students campus, stay at home moms, seniors and the Third World, etc.. This does not mean that will not moocs a contribution may be useful to check with measurement in the coming years.
Several platforms moocs already exist. Coursera, the most known today, and Udacity platform were designed at Stanford. In this circle, there is also a common platform of Harvard and MIT (no less): EdX. In addition to these launched cost of millions of dollars, many platforms other platforms also exist with Google tools, tools "house", etc..
In dozens of engineering schools in France alone, we are probably more than 50 people to teach this course. If you decide to teach this course as Mooc, it would then rise more than three to four moocs on this subject, the best of its kind.
Moocs more spread and more "local" teachers will be replaced by rockstar teachers or successful businessmen whose videos are used by all the other teachers, answering students' questions and adding to moocs of exercise sessions.
Seen, the new business model is very difficult to predict. Another issue is the choice of language: a Mooc by language? Universal Mooc in English? This could be possible for some subjects and we already have an example with a nearly universal training business on the Cisco equipment configuration for the Internet.
One could write a Mooc is nothing other than online education and thus distance, which is added the words (English) "massive" and "open" (free). Distance education before digital, it had been proposed at the end of XIX century in date. According to Wikipedia, 4 million Americans were taking courses at a distance in the 20s.
Nevertheless, this distance education has not so far affected how much to teach in college. Thus, people, experiences recognized think moocs are a passing fad. I think they are wrong. The moocs will grow and occupy an essential place in the short term. Indeed, moocs arrive in a favorable context (especially high-speed) and a new operating model (short videos, quizzes online associate, forum, etc..). It would be risky to scan a shrug.
After all, we no longer his flour miller in the corner. Dressmakers, Shoes cabinet or virtually disappeared in France. Paper newspapers and farmers are disappearing in turn. Teachers would they like some journalists in the mid-90s who had no idea that the advent of the Internet would cause the loss of their job ten years later? So what?
In a scathing article against the moocs, Jonathan Rees evokes unambiguous (it is in the United States) teachers and their families who lose their sources of income (in the United States, many of these teachers are contract). In addition, these courses would Mooc lower quality.
The evolution of moocs will be slower than some imagine and there will be a maturing process with changes in teaching online before arriving at a true mass. However, computers and distance education occupy a place rather quickly growing.
Nobody can resist progress and often, this progress is more positive that we can think. Plato and Socrates would have even more of their time, condemned writing.
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